The International Criminal Court (ICC) is a permanent international court that was established when the Rome Statute entered into force on July 1, 2002. The ICC is an independent entity that considers cases involving allegations of four core crimes: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and crime of aggression.
The seven core legal texts for the ICC include:
These core texts can be found on the ICC's website under Resource Library.
These commentaries contain article-by-article analysis of the Rome Statute, including citations to relevant jurisprudence, preparatory works, and other documents.
The most efficient strategy for finding cases is to find citations to particular documents in a commentary (see above) or other secondary sources and then retrieve the documents on the ICC's official website or through the Legal Tools Database. Lexsitus offers a helpful case-finding tool by providing access to an electronic commentary that links to case documents. Case law from the ICC is not available on either Westlaw or Lexis.
Travaux préparatoires consist of the drafting or negotiating history of a treaty that may be used to supplement the interpretation of a treaty when the meaning is ambiguous based on the plain text of the treaty.