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Pritzker Legal Research Center


International Criminal Law

Overview

Hybrid courts and tribunals are institutions that are created to address particular situations for a limited amount of time, but their nature incorporates international and national features (mixed). These courts and tribunals are composed of international and local staff and apply a mix of international and national substantive and procedural law. 

Extraordinary Chambers for the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC)

The Extraordinary Chambers for the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), also informally known as the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, is a Cambodian court that receives international assistance through the United Nations Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials (UNAKRT). The court can prosecute senior leaders of Democratic Kampuchea and alleged perpetrators believed to be the most responsible for grave violations of national and international law in connection with crimes committed between 17 April 1975 and 6 January 1979 when the Khmer Rouge regime was in power. 

Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL)

The Special Court for Sierra Leone was set up by the United Nations and the government of Sierra Leone in 2002 to address serious crimes and violations of international humanitarian law during Sierra Leone's Civil War from 1991-2002. 

Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL)

The Special Tribunal for Lebanon was set up to hold trials for people responsible for the attack on February 14, 2005, which resulted in the death of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri and caused deaths and injuries of many others. The headquarters are located on the outskirts of The Hague (The Netherlands) and the tribunal has an office in Beirut. 

East Timor Tribunal / Special Panels of the Dili District Court

The East Timor Tribunal (Special Panels of the Dili District Court) operated from 2002-2006 and had jurisdiction over crimes (outlined in the UNTAET Regulation 2000/15) committed from 1 January 1999 - 29 October 1999 in East Timor. 

Jurisprudence

Jurisprudence from these hybrid courts and tribunals can be found using the websites of the courts and tribunals (linked above) and using the ICC Legal Tools Database. Case law from the hybrid courts and tribunals are not available through Westlaw or Lexis.