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Pritzker Legal Research Center

Georgia: Center for International Human Rights

Country Profiles & Reports

Country profiles and reports provide background information about a country's geography, government, economy, and culture. 


Georgia is located in the Caucasus region in Eastern Europe, bordering Russia to the north and Turkey, Armenia, and Azerbaijan to the south. 


Georgia has a semi-presidential republic. The unicameral Parliament of Georgia is the supreme representative body of the country and has the exclusive right to engage in lawmaking. 

Ethnic Groups & Languages

The official language of Georgia is Georgian, which is spoken by 87.6% of the population, but many minority languages are spoken throughout the country.