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Pritzker Legal Research Center

International Law: Human Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Convention on the Right of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)

The Convention on the Right of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is an international human rights treaty that "promote[s], protect[s] and ensure[s] the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and [promotes] respect for their inherent dignity." The Convention was adopted on 13 December 2006 and entered into force on 3 May 2008. 

The Optional Protocol, which consists of a communications procedure that allows for complaints to be submitted to the CRPD Committee, also entered into force on 3 May 2008. 

Commentary on the CRPD

Scholarly commentaries provide article-by-article analysis of a convention, including citations to relevant cases, general comments, concluding observations, travaux préparatoires (preparatory works), and other documents. 

CRPD Committee

The Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities monitors implementation of the CRPD by State parties. The website for the Committee provides access to general comments, state parties reports, concluding observations, and other materials. 

General CommentsThe CRPD Committee publishes general comments that offer interpretations of the provisions in the convention.

​State Party Reports: State party reports are submitted by state parties to the Committee to describe the efforts they have made or problems they have encountered when implementing the treaty's provisions. 

Concluding Observations: Concluding observations consist of observations and recommendations issued by the Committee after consideration of a state party's report. These include recommendations for how a State should take further action to implement the treaty. 

Jurisprudence: The CRPD Committee may consider individual communications alleging violations of the CRPD.

Other UN Human Rights Treaties & Treaty Bodies

All of the core international human rights treaties apply to persons with disabilities. For a detailed overview and research guidance for the core UN human rights instruments (e.g., ICCPR, ICESR, etc.), see the PLRC International Human Rights Law Research Guide.

Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council

The special procedures of the Human Rights Council are independent human rights experts with thematic mandates (e.g., violence against women, arbitrary detention) or country-specific mandates.