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Pritzker Legal Research Center

International Media Law and Related Human Rights


Start your research by consulting a secondary source, such as a book, treatise, or law journal article, to familiarize yourself with your topic and identify the relevant sources of international law. Use a research guide to assist you with finding the sources of law. 


Use NUsearch to search for books available through the Northwestern Libraries system. For books not available at NU, use WorldCat and submit an interlibrary loan (ILL) request

Suggested Keywords:

  • international media law
  • global media law
  • human rights
  • freedom of expression
  • right to privacy
  • hate speech
  • blasphemy
  • Internet
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
  • European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)
  • African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights 
  • American Convention on Human Rights
  • case law
  • jurisprudence

To find additional books beyond these suggested starting points, visit the shelf and look at the surrounding books or click on links to the subject headings in the catalog records of relevant books. An example of a subject heading is: Freedom of expression -- Europe

Journal Articles

Journal articles can be found through various subscription databases or in print. Articles on international law topics may be published in law or law-related journals as well as in multidisciplinary journals. You can search for the title of the publication in NUsearch to see whether you can access it through an electronic database or can find it in print at one of our campus libraries. 

Research Guides

Research guides frequently include a bibliography of recommended secondary sources. 


Encyclopedias provide a surface-level overview of a topic and usually are accompanied by a bibliography of additional primary and secondary sources. 


NGO, IGO, and Governmental Publications

Publications and reports from non-governmental organizations (NGOs), intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), and state governments are useful sources to help you understand international law topics and situations in specific countries. Examples of NGOs include Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International. Examples of IGOs include the United Nations or the African Union.  

Google Advanced allows you to run targeted searches across regular Google and limit your results to certain file types (e.g., .pdf) and/or search across a particular website (e.g., or domain (e.g., .edu, .org, .gov). The .int domain is reserved for international treaty-based organizations, UN agencies, and organizations or entities with observer status at the UN. The .org domain is often used by non-profit organizations, but can now be used by anyone. Using Google Advanced is particularly helpful when searching across government or NGO websites because these type of websites often lack great search functions.

Selected IGO Publications

Selected NGO Websites