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Pritzker Legal Research Center


Labor and Human Rights Conditions in the Dominican Republic

Labor and human rights conditions in Central Romana's bateyes in the Dominican Republic.

Overview

Public international law is a body of rules governing the relations between and among States. Sources of international law include international conventions (treaties), international custom, general principles of law, judicial decisions, and teachings of highly qualified publicists (scholarly writings). For an overview of how to find sources of international law, please see the International Legal Research guide

Human Rights

International human rights law deals with the protection of individuals and groups against violations of civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights under international law. International human rights law is a public international law topic. Universal and regional human rights systems protect human rights. 

The UN human rights system is universal because it promotes and protects human rights around the world. Treaty bodies monitor implementation of the core UN human rights instruments

Regional human rights systems promote and protect human rights in specific regions--Africa, Europe, and the Americas. The Dominican Republic is a member of the Organization of American States (OAS). The core regional human rights treaty between members of the OAS is the American Convention on Human Rights, for which the Dominican Republic is a party. 

For a detailed overview of international human rights law research and relevant resources, please see the International Human Rights Law Research guide. Some selected key resources are also included below. 

UN System Resources

Inter-American System Resources

Labor

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a UN agency that sets labor standards, develops policies, and devises programmes advancing social justice and promoting decent work.

The ILO has standards addressing forced labor, including the Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29) (Dominican Republic is a party), Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105) (Dominican Republic is a party), and Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930 and Forced Labour (Supplementary Measures) Recommendation, 2014 (No. 203)

The ILO protects migrant workers through two treaties: Migration for Employment Convention (Revised), 1949 (No. 97) and Migrant Workers (Supplementary Provisions) Convention, 1975 (No 143). However, the Dominican Republic is not a party to either treaty.

To see which ILO conventions have been ratified by the Dominican Republic, please see here

Health

The right to health is also protected in international human rights instruments, including the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Art. 12), International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (Arts. 28, 43(e) and 45(c)), Convention on the Rights of the Child (Art. 24), among others.

Please see the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights right to health fact sheet for an overview of health and human rights. 

Statelessness

A stateless person, as defined in the UN Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons (Art. 1), is “a person who is not considered as a national by any State under the operation of its law." The two UN conventions on statelessness include the UN Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons (1954) and UN Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness (1961).